Aspiring filmmakers in the last couple of years were incredibly lucky to live in the age of affordable and great quality filmmaking cameras. Affordable cameras are all around, but to make a choice in purchasing is not easy. Some of the cheapest 4K filmmaking cameras could lack stabilisation, and while achieving 4K quality, you could become limited with movement and positions. The best DSLR for filmmaking is still the Canon 5D series, but is it best price-wise? So, how do you decide on the best filmmaking camera on a budget? In this article, we will evaluate and review the best cameras for filmmaking for you!
What Type Of Camera Do You Need?
The first thing to do is think about what you want for your films. Do you want to apply to film festivals? Are you looking for distribution? Also, do you want to have your own channel and promote it yourself?
Next, you should consider what aesthetics you need, thinking about whether you want low lighting or high key. Do you film outdoors or indoor?
There are various types of camera, such as DSLR, camcorders, point and shoot and so on. Each has a different set of qualities, and works better for different people. Eventually, you have to make a cut. If you are on a budget, you will need to calculate and make decisions about investing and renting. For example, Sony mirrorless series are great for low light environments, so if you invest in this type of camera, you can save on additional lighting. You can also head here to check out some great cameras for action shootings and music videos.
Best Camera For Beginner Filmmakers
Now that you have decided to follow your passion and are learning how to become a director, director of photography, producer, light or sound designer, it is time to think about your needs as a future independent filmmaker. In your film shooting practices, you will need a lightweight and easy to use camera. It is like learning to drive a car. You are learning the basics but you still want to feel safe and comfortable. Here are two cameras that offer great image quality for low price.
Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera 4K
- Video camera
- Microphone quality
- Battery Life
- No stabilisation
This is a 4K camera (4096 x 2160) with a whole image sensor. It is affordable, durable and light. Another benefit is its ISO capabilities, starting with 400 and up to 3.200, which makes it perfect for low lighting conditions.
Its battery life is limited to 60 minutes, but the battery tipe is standard and available at any manufacturer’s, so purchasing additional batteries is pretty cheap. The power comes from an LP-E6 battery – the same type used in cameras like the Canon The Pocket Cinema Camera.
The camera is mountable for a variety of lenses, and another great feature is the number of available ports for additional gear, such as mics, monitors, and other gear. The Pocket Cinema 4K comes with a free copy of Davinci Resolve, so you don’t even need to invest in any pricey software to get cracking with your 4K edits!
As you can see, purchasing this camera will save additional cost for editing, lightning and sound and will enhance image quality to 4K resolution. This is perfect for presenting your works at student film festivals.
- In-body stabilisation
- Classic controls
- 4K video
- ISO range: 160 to 12,800 (exp 80-51,200)
This is an overall great camera from the mirrorless series, and is ideal for low light environments with builtin stabilisation and mountable. Improvements on this camera include a new ETERNA Bleach Bypass cinematic Film Simulation mode, a new autofocus algorithm for better face and eye detection and some revised external controls, notably a new Still/Video lever on the top of the camera. This makes it perfect for saving additional spendings in equipment.
The dual card slots sit behind a separate door to the battery compartment. The battery is physically larger than the NP-W126S cell used in the X-T3 and other X-series cameras. Unfortunately they are not interchangeable, but the longer life of the new NP-W235 battery is important, so it was a change worth making.
Hopefully one of these cameras will help boost your confidence, save some money and help make some masterpieces! The next step is choosing mountable lenses, you can read about best budget friendly choices here.
Best Cameras For Filmmaking: Point & Shoot Film Camera
Before the pandemic, I had an opportunity to travel to Antarctica for work. Here I was on the decks of a big ship surrounded with people from all around the world and all kinds of cameras. I started looking around and noticed some people freely moving and enjoying their mobility and here I was stuck with all these lenses and DSLR. My attention was on this man holding some Canon small camera with huge zoom.
He looked at me and was very interested in my camera, but I think I was more interested in his. He said he gets all the footage he needs without heavy lifting. This impression stayed with me and when I returned home I wanted to see what it was all about. Is it possible that point and shoot cameras can be used in filmmaking? Let’s take a look at my top pick for this category:
Panasonic Lumix LX10
- 4K video
- Exposure control
- 20.1 mpx
- Built-in editor
- Not mountable
- No stabilisation
This is a pocket size 4K video recording camera with exposure control and accurate focus, which are features usually found in DSLR cameras. The megapixel count is 20.1 and the DFD feature calculates focus distance to avoid blur and out of focus image. Another addition is a built-in editor that allows you to refocus your photos or videos after they’ve been taken, so you never have to worry about sacrificing creativity.
Considering these features, this could be a great option if your film narrative takes you on trips and if you are limited with the amount of equipment. This is also a great camera for practice in regards to fast reactions, such as whales jumping out of water, which I missed a couple of times. This is also a great camera to get ready for the film shoot, as you could use a camera like this to decide positions of objects in the scene and measure focal distance, as well as decide on refocusing while shooting.
Best Cameras For Filmmaking: Camcorders
I started wondering about not so popular but very good film cameras, aka Camcorders. Why aren’t those in the center of attention? Could it be the high price and the size of these types of cameras?
Things are changing here as well, and there are some great camcorders for very affordable price and fantastic enhancement in image quality. Here is my personal favourite:
Canon Legria HF G60
- Image sensor: Dual-pixel CMOS 13.4MP
- Total pixels: 3.09MP
- Dual card slot
- Dimensions: 125 x 91 x 265mm
This is a semi professional 4K video camera, which operates with a 15x zoom lens with five-axis image stabilisation, and a flip-out 3in touchscreen (as well as a tiltable eye level finder). Another useful feature is that there are two SD card slots.
The 4K UHD quality has a focal length ranging between 25.5mm and 382.5mm. That happens to be the equivalent of 35mm film, making your shots highly standardised for import to editing programs. Secondly, an ND filter allows users to choose between ND setting at 1/4, 1/16, and 1/64. You can swap the ND filter on and off as needed, and adjust the density of the filter using external buttons located below the filter activation switch. Price-wise, it’s actually pretty close to some of the DSLR options, too!
While there were still ongoing decisions about the best DSLR, 4K cameras and mirrorless cameras, we entered the 8K world. The main question is, why aren’t the prices of DSLR’s dropping? So, what is 8K resolution?
8K is four times better than 4K, and 16 times better than 1080p / FullHD, but a better way for photographers and videographers to understand 8K is in terms of megapixels. While a 4K image (which is defined as 3840 x 2160 pixels) equates to a 8.29 megapixel image, 8K creates a 33.17 megapixel image. NHK insists that 22.2-channel surround sound is part of the 8K format, too, though none of the early 8K products include anything like that. 8K is about pixel density. For video, it’s quite a jump from a viewer’s perspective to get the same pixel density as a 32-inch FullHD TV you would need a 120-inch 8K TV or PC monitor.
Are We There Yet?
Yes and no. Considering that most monitors and TVs are not even 4K yet, this spread seams like it has a long way to go. Most people argue that we don’t need 8K, but professionals and big production companies have been using 8K for some time now. Of course, it is about the quality and size of the footage. Big screens in world movie theaters can definitely take it, and most high end TV stations are slowly moving to 8K.
The main question is how will we edit 8K footage? Big machines cost big bucks, and we are definitely not there yet. However, some cameras dropped their prices and are selling well. The assumption is that while recording in 8K, even when you drop your resolution, you are able to keep the great density of pixels and still be able to edit the video. Let’s look at some 8K camera options!
Canon EOS R5 8k Camera
- Full frame
- 8K video
- Dual memory card slot
This camera has an in-built steady/gimbal mechanism, which is a real treat, as it removes the need for any additional type of Steadycam/Gimbal/ device. It is mirrorless, 8K and it is compact enough. Canon didn’t disappoint in sensor upgrades either, and creators are pointing out that you don’t have to export in 8K to get the highest possible image quality.
For those who can afford this camera, there are many advantages. Plus, if they are willing to rent it to their fellow filmmakers, soon enough we will have a million dollar image quality in independent film. There has been a long journey from DSLR to 8K. Opinions vary, but the fact is that 8K is knocking on our doors and we better prepare! DSLR’s still hold the price, and surprisingly, upgrades in mirrorless technology and high resolution didn’t knock them down.
The main reason is that our computers and screens are not ready yet. We just got them in HD, then 4K, and now we again need to upgrade to 8K. Until we stop balancing camera upgrades with our screens, 8K will not sell well and DSLR prices won’t drop.
Best Cameras For Filmmaking: Final Thoughts
I hope you enjoy my review of the best cameras for filmmaking, and that you have a better idea of what you may be looking for. It may take some trial and error to find the perfect camera for your filmmaking, so get out there and do some research, and practice where you can. It all depends on your needs, what you want to film, and what elements you rely on the most. To sharp your knowledge further, check out our articles on filmmaking books and how to finance movies for independent filmmakers. Happy filmmaking!
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